First Aid to Burns


Severe burns or third degree burns are burns destroy all layers of the skin. Prolonged contact with the heat source and burns due to electric shock is the leading cause third-degree burns.

According to Stanley M. Zildo as quoted from his book ‘First Aid, First Aid and How to Correct Handling of Emergency’, the symptoms of a third-degree burn wound area was colored white, the skin is destroyed and a little pain because the nerve endings have been damaged.

Some of the actions that can be done if this is the case see:

1 If the victim is still in a state of burning, extinguish the fire with blankets, bed covers, carpets, jackets or other materials. Do not remove clothing that is attached to the wound.

2 Sometimes victims have difficulty breathing, especially when there are injuries to the neck, face and around the mouth, it could be due to smoke inhalation. Make checks to make sure the victim can breathe.

3 Attach a damp cloth or cold water to lower the temperature of the injured area. Do not use ice water to wounds on the face, hands and feet because they can cause shock.

4 Cover burns with sterile dressings and thick, clean linen, pillowcases, clean diapers or other materials that can be found. But do not use materials that easily fall out like cotton or kapok. Do not apply oil or other ingredients in the wound.

5. Immediately call an ambulance. Victims should receive medical attention immediately.