We’ve all been told of the havoc the sun can cause on our skin. With the summer on its full sway, here’s a list of rules to remember to keep our skin healthy and glorious while we have our fun under the sun.

Rule #1: Apply a serum in the morning.

Smooth on a couple of drops of an antioxidant serum over your face after your cleanser. Any high-grade antioxidant serum will provide your skin a boost of vitamins that help protect your skin from the sun’s damaging rays. Use it in combination with your sunscreen and your skin gets the protection and nourishment it needs.

Rule #2: Use a light cleanser and moisturizer.

As the weather turns hotter, switch your heavy cleanser and moisturizer with lighter formulations because your skin won’t be as starved of moisture as it was in winter. Plus using something heavy during the hot summer months could cause breakouts. Go for a water-based moisturizer if you have oily skin.

Rule #3: Switch your creams for lotions

As with heavy facial moisturizers, switch those rich, heavy creams with lotions. Creams are typically formulated for dry, arid winter, which aims to provide your skin extra moisture that you won’t need in the summer months. The lighter, thinner formulation of lotions will keep you from feeling like wearing a second skin, yet will keep you smooth and moisturized still.

Rule #4: Use sunscreen under your makeup.

Smooth on sunscreen after you’ve cleansed your face and applied a primer. This is probably the most important step on your summer skin care routine. Choose a broad spectrum sunscreen so your skin is protected from both UVA and UVB rays. UVA rays cause premature skin ageing while UVB rays cause sunburns. Overexposure to both types of rays causes skin cancer.

Use an SPF of 30 to 50 under your makeup to effectively protect your skin against the stronger UV intensity that we usually get during summer.

Rule #5: Use a tinted moisturizer instead of foundation.

Wearing a heavy foundation during the warm summer months can spell disaster on your skin. Sweat, melting makeup and breakouts are just a few of the problems you’ll have to contend with. Let your skin breathe. Keep your face clean and use only a sunscreen. If you still want to cover your skin, switch your heavy foundation with a tinted moisturizer.

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Rule #6: Protect your lips.

The skin on your face isn’t the only area that needs protection from the summer sun. The skin on your lips can also dry out from exposure to the sun. To keep your lips lusciously soft, apply lip balm preferably one that is rich in texture and has an SPF of 15 or higher. Reapply regularly when outdoors.

Rule #7: Layer on the sunscreen.

It’s not just enough that you apply sunscreen. You need to apply enough and frequently. Most people don’t apply enough sun protection as they should or forget to reapply altogether. Sunscreen should be reapplied every 2 hours, particularly after sweating profusely or have gone swimming. Apply as much as a teaspoon on the face and as much as a full shot glass for the body.

Rule #8: Keep skin hydrated.

Spending more time outdoors in higher temperatures can lead to dehydration resulting not just in dry skin, but headaches and dizziness as well. Maintain the critical moisture balance of the body by drinking eight 8-ounce glasses of water or fluids throughout the day. Keep in mind that if you drink caffeinated drinks you must drink three times more water to counter the caffeine’s diuretic effect.

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